The river ports of Ulyanovsk and Sengilei, outfitted with new modern equipment, are the region's largest ports. The Volga flows for 200 km through the region, giving access to five seas. The main river is the Volga and its confluents: the Sura, the Sviyaga, the Bolshoy Cheremshan and others.
International air routes connecting the Volga area with Europe, Central Asia, the Middle East, and China also pass through the region. There are two large modern airports capable of handling all types of aircraft.
Ulyanovsk has a relatively well-developed raw mineral resource base. Oilfields have been discovered here, and there are large reserves of cement-making materials, building, glassmaking, and foundry sand, clay aggregate, diatomite, brick-making materials, oil shale, and peat. There are also underground reserves of medicinal and mineral waters. The Volzhanka mineral water bottling plant has an output capacity of 24 million bottles per year.
Industries include food processing, vodka distilling, and the manufacture of motor vehicles, machine tools, and metal and milling equipment.
Forests occupy a quarter of the territory. In the north-west are large woodlands of oak forests with linden and maple. In these forests one can find elk, marten, squirrel and other. There are numerous water birds and waders.
Now Ulyanovsk possesses huge cultural wealth, buildings, houses and memorable places, which in majority have already become a part of present day. Ulyanovsk, are precious witnesses of historical events to descendants.