The Institute of Permafrost is the only one of this kind in Russia. There are only few such institutes over the world. 300 people work here, and they all are engaged in researches. The institute is well known for its shaft, the depth of which is 66 feet. The mine has several levels with the purpose of each being to balance the temperature on the surface and deep underground. The temperature in the depth is constant at 25F irrespective of the temperature on the surface.
Exhibition of ore mineral section presents variety and wealth of mineral resources in Yakutia. The collection of diamonds presents natural and synthetic diamonds, jewellery and technical, octahedronical and cubic, pure and colored etc. Visitors can learn about the special possibilities of the thermo-chemical treatment of diamonds that was worked up in the institute.
Open: 8:30 to 17:00 p.m., closed on Saturdays and Sundays.
Museum of Mammoth
This Museum belongs to the Institute of Applied Ecology. Here you can explore the unique exhibits of the well-preserved remnants of the pre-historical giant animals that are about 40 thousand years old. The pictures of the Berelekh Cemetery, were found the remnants of 150 mammoths, are exhibited throughout the year.
Open: 9:00 to 16:00 p.m., closed on Saturdays and Sundays
National Fine Arts Museum
Opened in 1946, the museum has over 10,000 exhibits, including paintings, drawings items of applied art. On display are works of the Russian painters of 18th-20th centuries, paintings of local artists and a small collection of the Eastern Art. The museum contains works of the West-European artists presented to the museum by Prof. M.Gabyshev.
Open: 10:00 to 5:30 p.m.
The Lena River is one of the main gates to Yakutia. The Lena River is the main means of transportation in Yakutia as there are no railways here and transportation by the means of airways is rather expensive. Navigation usually opens in June and in October and within that period river transport workers should deliver all necessary goods. That’s why the Lena River is very important for the Republic of Sakha.